Duca Kula

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  • LMI (Historical Monument List) Code: VL-II-m-A-09811.01
  • Location:

    In Măldăreşti Museum Complex, Măldăreşti village, Măldăreşti district, Vâlcea county.

  • Access:

    From National Road 67 that connects Râmnicu Vâlcea to Horezu, in the center of Horezu, there is a signpost to Craiova, to National Road 65. In the center of Măldăreşti district, there is a signpost to the kulas.

  • References:

    Telephone: 0250 861 510

    Visiting hours: 10.00 – 18.00 every day, closed on Mondays


  • Original/current function: fortified dwelling of the kula type/ museum
  • Date: 1812, 1827
  • History:

    The kula was built in 1812 by Gheorghiţă Măldărescu, son of Gheorghe Măldărescu, the founder of the Greceanu kula. The bas-reliefs were created in 1827. In 1907 the kula was bought by the great statesman I.G. Duca. It was nationalised in 1962, restored in 1966-1967 and then turned into a museum.

  • Description:

    This a compact, rectangular plane three-storied kula. There is only one entry from the outside, which directs traffic towards the cellar and towards the upper levels. The cellar has carved pillars and massive wooden rafters. The upper floors host the living quarters. On the second floor there is a turret. In the back, the kula has an extension, on three levels, which houses the privy. The defensive elements are represented by the battlements on every floor, even in the turret, the solid, reinforced door to the kula and the trapdoor that closes the staircase to the turret's level. The kula is richly decorated on the inside: the ceilings and the window frames are decorated with vegetal motifs, fantastic animals and characters. The stairway’s handrail is carved, and the inside of the staircase is painted. The stoves, which are present in each room, have varied forms and are decorated. I.G.Duca’s memorial house, a nice wooden cross and an annex building for the kula complex are also to be found within the museum complex.

  • Casa_memoriala_I.G.Duca-Maldaresti_VL-12.JPG Troita-Maldaresti_VL-13.JPG
  • Conservation status: good
  • Bibliography:

    Atanasescu Iancu, Grama Valeriu, Kulas from Oltenia, Scrisul Românesc Publishing House, Craiova, 1974

    Creţeanu Radu, Creţeanu Sarmiza, Kulas from Romania, Meridiane Publishing House, Bucharest, 1969

    Ghika Budeşti Nicolae, Architecture's Evolution in Wallachia and in Oltenia. Part Four. The New Style from the 18th Century, BCMI Anul XXIX Fascicola 87-90, 1936

    Ionescu Grigore, The History of Romanian Architecture, Cartea Românească Publishing House, Bucharest, 1937

    Ionescu Grigore, Architecture on Romania's Territory Throughout the Centuries, The Romanian Academy's Publishing House, Bucharest, 1982

    Janecke, Wilhelm von, Das Rumanische Bauern – und Bojarenhaus, Konig Carol – Verlag Publishing House, Bucharest, 1918

    Trajanescu Ion D., The Church and the Kulas from Măldăreşti (Vâlcea), BCMI Fifth Year, Gutenberg Printing House, Bucharest, 1912

    Tzigara-Samurcaş Alexandru, Writings on Romanian Art, Meridiane Publishing House, Bucharest, 1987

    The Archive of the National Institute of Heritage

Institutul Național al Patrimoniului         Administrația Fondului Cultural Național