Gorj

Gheorghe Tătărescu Kula

IMG_9342.JPG IMG_9347.JPG IMG_9366.JPG IMG_9381.JPG
  • LMI (Historical Monument List) Code: GJ-II-a-A-09256
  • Location:

    On the premises of the Gorj Folk Architecture Museum, Curtişoara neighbourhood, the town of Bumbeşti-Jiu, Gorj County.

  • Access:

    While driving on a national road from Târgu Jiu to Bumbeşti Jiu, once you are past the Iezureni Village, there is a road sign indicating the road to Curtişoara. The entry into the museum is through gate no. 2 and from here the kula is quite visible.

  • References:

    Telephone: 0253/212044

    Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

  • Original/current function: type fortified dwelling/ memorial museum
  • Date: end of the 18th century
  • History:

    Initially located in Poiana Village, the Commune of Rovinari, the kula was erected around 1790 by Dobre Sârbu. After 1820 Dincă Poenaru takes possession of it (kula is also known as the Poenaru Kula), then it passed to hands of Dincă Schileru and Paulina Carabatescu. The building was bought by Aretia and Gheorghe Tătărescu in 1919. They started a wide restoration programme in 1924, because it had underwent significant deterioration during WWI. Gheorghe Tătărescu was an important political personality in the interwar Romania: he was Prime Minister twice (1934-1937 and 1939-1940).

    His wife, Aretia, presided the “National League of the Gorj Women”, getting involved in important social and cultural activities. Due to her, Gorj entered into mondenity, because she had a decisive role in building the monumental complex ”Calea Eroilor”, made by internationally famous sculptor Constantin Brâncuşi, who lived in the kula during the completion of the Tg. Jiu complex (1937-1938). At the beginning of the 1990 due to the coal mining expansion in the Rovinari area, Sanda Tătărescu Negropontes, the daughter of the former politician agrees to transfer the kula in the Curtişoara museum, together with the wooden church dedicated to “St. George, the Great Martyr’’, the Mogoş house and the remains of the paternal grandparents (Gheorghe and Dumitrana Tătărescu) and Gheorghe Tătărescu’s parents (general Nicole Tătărescu and Speranţa Tătărescu). The transfer process of the whole complex was carried out between 2000 and 2002, and a permanent memorial exhibition can now be visited inside the kula.

  • Description:

    Initially located in the Poiana Village, the Commune of Rovinari, the kula formed of a ground floor and an upper floor lost its initial form following some important changes made in the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century when it is turned into a modern dwelling. The walls of the building are very thick, with large windows and a shingle roof. The entrance is guarded by stone lions and goes through a walled arch gallery. Once you get inside, there is a wooden stair that connects the entrance to the accommodation rooms and the porch, whose roof stands on four trilobite columns and a lateral column. Wooden floors, oak wood carpentry, modern stoves are to be seen inside. The inside areas of the building were redecorated as commissioned by Aretia Tătărescu.

    The “Sfântul Gheorghe’’ church of Poiana.

    The wooden church is quite modest in size and is shaped like a nave, with a porch and a steeple. It is covered with shingle. It was built in the 19th century and was renovated between 1923 and 1924, when the Tătărescu family also commissioned an iconostas, wooden armchairs and a chandelier with brass arms. The church was transferred to Curtişoara between the years 2000 and 2002.

  • IMG_9353.JPG IMG_9354.JPG IMG_9357.JPG IMG_9361.JPG
  • Conservation status: very good
  • Bibliography:

    Cârlugea Zenovie, Deju Zoia Elena, Arethia Tătărescu – Great Lady of Gorj interwar, Măiastra Publishing House, Tg Jiu, 2007

    Ion Narcis Dorin, Residences and Families of the Nobility in Romania, the Romanian Cultural Institute, Bucharest, 2007

Institutul Național al Patrimoniului         Administrația Fondului Cultural Național