Poenaru Kula

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  • LMI (Historical Monument List) Code: DJ-II-m-A-08174
  • Location:

    Almăj village, Almăj district, Dolj county

  • Access:

    From E 70 European Road, E 79 Craiova – Filiaşi, beyond the village of Işalniţa, there is a road on the right to Almăj, for about 3 km.

  • References:

    This is not a public building.

  • Original/current function: kula / Primary School and Junior High-School ”Ion Gh. Pleşa”
  • Date: 1764, 1896
  • History:

    On his estate from Almăj village, boyar Barbu Poenaru built his kula in 1764 and also a church dedicated to the Saint Voivodes, which was completed in 1789. There is an old stone-chiselled inscription above the kula's entrance states: B(arbu) P(oienaru) v(el) po(stelnic), l(eat)1764. The kula had two floors, and the top floor also featured a balcony with wooden posts. In 1801 and in 1844, the kula was set on fire, and consequently lost its upper floor, which was not rebuilt. In 1904, the boyar Gheorghe Poenaru offered the kula as a gift to the town hall so that it would be turned into a school. First, a classroom was added to the kula, which extended the old building horizontally. The extensions continued in the years 1938-1939 and in 1956. At present, the nucleus represented by the old kula is completely incorporated in the school's building, which surrounds it on three sides.

  • Description:

    At present, what is left of the Poienari Kula is incorporated in the local school: a large square room, about 8 meters on the side, and a corridor housing the staircase to the upper floor. This building is very high and it is covered with a series of high windows on all sides, decorated with bas-reliefs and painted medallions.

    In close proximity of the ancient kula there is the “Saint Voivods” Church, ordained by the same Barbu Poenaru who built the kula, erected in 1787-1789. Near the two historical monuments, in the village's center, there is a monument to the heroes of Almăj.

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  • Conservation status: good
  • Bibliography:

    Atanasescu Iancu, Grama Valeriu, Kulas from Oltenia, Scrisul Românesc Publishing House, Craiova, 1974

    Creţeanu Radu, Creţeanu Sarmiza, Kulas from Romania, Meridiane Publishing House, Bucharest, 1969

    Ionescu Grigore, The History of Romanian Architecture, Cartea Românească Publishing House, Bucharest, 1937

    Ionescu Grigore, Architecture on Romania's Territory Throughout the Centuries, The Romanian Academy's Publishing House, Bucharest, 1982

    Ghika Budeşti Nicolae, Architecture's Evolution in Wallachia and in Oltenia. Part Four. The New Style from the 18th Century, BCMI Anul XXIX Fascicola 87-90, 1936

    Janecke Wilhelm von, Das Rumanische Bauern – und Bojarenhaus, Ed. Konig Carol – Verlag, Bukarest, 1918

    The archive of the National Institute of Heritage

Institutul Național al Patrimoniului         Administrația Fondului Cultural Național